The Auditory System and Human Sound-Localization Behavior

PDF The Auditory System and Human Sound-Localization Behavior 1st Edition

Author in the category "Miscellaneous"
  1. John van Opstal
The Auditory System and Human Soundr

The Auditory System and Human Sound-Localization Behavior provides a comprehensive account of the full action-perception cycle underlying spatial hearing. It highlights the interesting properties of the auditory system, such as its organization in azimuth and elevation coordinates. Readers will appreciate that sound localization is inherently a neuro-computational process (it needs to process on implicit and independent acoustic cues). The localization problem of which sound location gave rise to a particular sensory acoustic input cannot be uniquely solved, and therefore requires some clever strategies to cope with everyday situations. The reader is guided through the full interdisciplinary repertoire of the natural sciences: not only neurobiology, but also physics and mathematics, and current theories on sensorimotor integration (e.g. Bayesian approaches to deal with uncertain information) and neural encoding.

List of Abbreviations

2AFC Two-alternative forced choice
AC Auditory cortex
AM Amplitude modulation
AMP Auditory median plane
AN Auditory nerve
ANN Artificial neural network
AV Audiovisual
AVCN Antero-ventral part of Cochlear Nucleus
BB Black box
BCD Bone-conduction device
BM Basilar membrane
BP Band-pass
BS Band-stop
CI Cochlear implant
CN Cochlear nucleus
CNS Central nervous system
DCN Dorsal part of Cochlear Nucleus
DTF Directional transfer function
DMF Dynamic movement field
FEF Frontal eye fields
FM Frequency modulation
FOV Field of view
FRF Future receptive field
FT Fourier transform
GBC Globular bushy cell
GME Gaze-motor error
GWN Gaussian white noise
HA Hearing aid
HP High-pass
HRTF Head-related transfer function
HSE Head-shadow effect
IC Inferior colliculus
ICc Central nucleus of IC
ICx External nucleus of IC
IHC Inner hair cell
ILD Interaural level difference
INC Interstitial nucleus of Cajal
IOR Inhibition of return
IPD Interaural phase difference
ISI Intersaccadic interval
ITD Interaural time difference
LP Low-pass
LS Linear system
LSO Lateral superior olive
LT Laplace transform
MAA Minimum audible angle
MAP Maximum a-posteriori
MDT Medial-dorsal thalamus
MF Movement field
MGB Medial geniculate body
MI Multisensory Index
MLB Medium-lead burst neuron
MLE Maximum Likelihood Estimate
MNTB Medial nucleus of the trapezoid body
MSO Medial superior olive
MVN Medial vestibular nucleus
NI Neural integrator
NLS Nonlinear system
NPH Nucleus prepositus hypoglossi
OAE Oto-acoustic emission
OHC Outer hair cell
OMR Oculomotor range
OPN Omni-pause neuron
PG Pulse generator
PPC Posterior parietal cortex
PPRF Para-pontine reticular formation
PSG Pulse-step generator
PVCN Postero-ventral part of Cochlear Nucleus
riMLF rostral interstitial nucleus of the medial longitudinal fasciculus
RM Reissner’s membrane
ROC Receiver operator characteristic
RT Reaction time
SBC Spherical bushy cell
SC Superior colliculus
SDT Signal-detection theory
SNR Signal to noise ratio
SPL Sound-pressure level
SR Spontaneous firing rate
SRT Saccade reaction time
SSD Single-sided deaf(ness)
STT Spatial-to-temporal transformation
TM Tectorial membrane
TOT Tonotopic to oculocentric transformation
UCHL Unilateral Conductive Hearing Loss
VOR Vestibular-ocular reflex
VPG Vectorial pulse generator
VS Vector strength
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